The year is 1860 and on the Colorado and Gila rivers various Indian groups were in an almost continuous state of war. It was often that the white man would find himself caught in the middle of such skirmishes. It was during this time that many small groups of Native Americans joined with the larger settlements, adapting their language and way of life. The Pima and Papago's banded together as well as the Navajo and Hopi indians. In the first half of the 19th century the Halchidomas, Kohuanas, and Kavelchadoms indians were pushed from the Navajos from the north and the Yuma's from the south. Finally these tribes banded with the Maricopa tribes and settled on the Gila river. Between 1866 and 1875 there were an average of 20 considerable skirmishes a year Between the U.S. Calvary and the indians who inhabited the territory.
Native American Occupation
Arizonas Stage Line
Hardships were many in the wild west. But one very dangerous endevore was traveling by stage line. There were many different bands of aggressive Indians throughout the state. They saw our stages and trains as a source of income and had a genuine dislike for the new white tresspassers. It was risky business owning a stage line during these times. Here is a list of the 17 brave companies who dared to take a chance.
With the completion of the two major railroads across the territory in 1881 and 1883, short lines proliferated, connecting the larger settlements with the rails and to each other. As the railroads developed branch lines, the stages disappeared. And so was an end to an era in time.
The Railroad
It is a known fact that the entry of the railroad into Arizona was a leading factor to the states success. Most of the trackage in the complexes east of Prescott, east of Phoenix and south east of Tucson were laid to provide cheap transportation for the big mining districts. In fact, the real development of Arizonas mining industry had to await the arrival of the railroads. When Arizona became a state in 1912 it had 1,678 miles of railroad track, and by 1930 the total had grown too 2,524 miles of track. Since the development of the automobile and airplane, there has been a huge decrease of laying new track around the world. Possibly the most interesting railroad in Arizona was the Coronado, a 20" narrow gauge line built in 1879 from the Longfellow Mine to the smelter at Clifton. The empty cars were hauled up to the mine by mules and were run down to the smelter by gravity with the mules riding on platforms on the cars. Finally a steam locomotive was purchased, built in Baltimore, shipped down the Colorado then moved by ox and wagon to Clifton Az.
Kit Carson
Engine # 25 -1932- Wickenburg Az.
Engine # 25 (at rest) - 2010 - Wickenburg Az.
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Historical facts and photos property of Sharlott Hall museum
Prescott Arizona
1. San Antonio and San Diego Mail Line, 1857-58
2. Butterfield Overland Mail, 1858-61
3. Texas and California Stage Line, 1878
4. Southern Pacific Mail Line, 1874-78
5. National Mail & Transportation Co. 1878
6. Dukes Express, 1864
7. Sante Fe Stage Co. 1866
8. Arizona Stage co. 1868
  1. Tucson, Arizona City & San Diego Stage Co. 1870
10. California & Arizona Stage Co. 1875
11. Gilmer, Salisbury & Co. Stage Lines, 1878
12. Tucson & Tombstone Stage Lines, 1879
  1. Hughe White & Co. 1879
14. Norton & Stewart, 1881
  1. Prescott & Phoenix Stage Line, 1886
  1. Grand Canyon Stage Line, 1895
  1. Tombstone & Patagonia Express, 1880
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